IntroThe aloe plant is a simple, appealing succulent that makes an excellent indoor plant. Aloe vera one of the worlds most popular plants are also valuable because the juice from their leaves can be administered externally to treat pain from cuts and burns. Here’s how to care for and grow aloe plants at home! Aloe Humilis is a little succulent with uneven bumps and soft spines along the margins that grows in dense clusters of stemless or very short-stemmed rosettes of pale blue-green leaves. Aloe humilis does not have the same properties as Aloe Vera and should only be used for decorative purposes.
LocationIn this area, the aloe is perhaps one of the easiest plants. You could put the aloe in a light spot but also in the shade. Some species, especially bulbous plants, can tolerate a lot of light and can be placed in the sun. Be careful when exposing to bright sunlight. Let the aloe gradually get used to the sunlight so they can get used to it. The plant also wants at least 5 hours of direct sunlight per day. Usually place the plant in front of the window facing south. When you have the plant a little more shade, you need to water it a little less, because less water will be used.
WateringThe most challenging aspect of keeping aloe healthy is watering, but it’s not rocket science! Although the aloe is a succulent plant that thrives in arid climates, its thick leaves nevertheless require adequate water.
- Deeply water aloe plants only once a month. In other words, after watering, the soil should feel damp, but it should be let to dry out before watering again. The roots of the plant can rot if the soil is kept too damp.
- Allow the top third of the potting soil to dry out between waterings to avoid overwatering your plant. Allow the top 2 inches of potting soil to dry out before watering again, for example, if your plant is kept in 6 inches of potting soil. (Test the soil’s dryness with your finger.)
- Some surplus water may flow out the bottom of the pot during watering. Allow the pot to soak in the water for as long as possible to allow the soil to absorb as much as possible. Wait 10 to 15 minutes before draining any remaining water.
SprayingSpraying itself is not necessary for the Aloe. However, it is recommended when the plant suffers from different kinds of pests. Make sure you use low lime water when spraying to prevent lime deposits. It is best to use rainwater.
RepottingOffsets—also known as plantlets, pups, or “babies”—are often produced by mature aloe plants and can be removed to create a new plant (a clone of the mother plant, technically).
- Using pruning shears, scissors, or a sharp knife, locate the offsets’ attachment to the mother plant and remove them from the offset, leave about an inch of stem.
- Allow the offsets to sit out of the soil for a few days to build a callous over the cut, which helps to protect it from decay. During this time, store the offsets in a warm, well-lit area.
- Pot the offsets in a regular succulent potting mix once they have produced calluses. A well-draining soil is required.
- Place the pups in a sunny spot after they’ve been potted. Allow at least a week for the soil to dry up before watering.
DiseasesA too-high humidity can lead to fungi and the aloe can suffer from mealy bug. This is easy to combat by giving the plant a hard jet of water.
Common diseases include:
- Root rot
- Soft rot
- Fungal stem rot
- Leaf rot